The 2016 Pulitzer Prize winners and finalists:
The Associated Press, for a series of articles documenting the use of slave labor in the commercial seafood industry in Indonesia and Thailand. More than 2,000 enslaved fishermen were freed after officials took action as a result of the AP’s reporting.
Also nominated as finalists: InsideClimate News, for a report that Exxon conducted climate research and then, without revealing the information to its stockholders, worked to cast doubt on the scientific consensus it confirmed; and the Tampa Bay Times, for a story on education in Pinellas County, Florida (moved to the Local Reporting category).
Breaking News Reporting:
Los Angeles Times staff, for coverage of the San Bernardino massacre and the ensuing investigation.
Also nominated as finalists: The Baltimore Sun staff, for coverage of rioting that followed the death of Freddie Gray; and the staff of the Post and Courier, of Charleston, South Carolina, for obtaining video of a police officer shooting an unarmed motorist and reporting that put the shooting in context.
Leonora LaPeter Anton and Anthony Cormier, of the Tampa Bay Times, and Michael Braga, of the Sarasota Herald-Tribune, for a project on escalating violence and neglect in Florida mental hospitals.
Also nominated as finalists: Tom Robbins, of The Marshall Project, and Michael Schwirtz and Michael Winerip, of The New York Times, for a report on violence by corrections officers against inmates in New York state prisons; and Jessica Silver-Greenberg, Michael Corkery and Robert Gebeloff, of The New York Times, for an investigation into the clauses in consumer and employee contracts that often prohibit lawsuits.
T. Christian Miller, of ProPublica, and Ken Armstrong, of The Marshall Project, for a story about police and prosecutors who didn’t believe an 18-year-old Washington woman when she reported that she was raped at knifepoint, and the two Colorado detectives who were able to connect a suspect back to her.
Also nominated as finalists: Colin Woodard, of the Portland Press Herald/Maine Sunday Telegram, for an account of ecological changes occurring in the warming ocean; and Jonathan D. Rockoff, Joseph Walker, Jeanne Whalen, Peter Loftus and Ed Silverman, of The Wall Street Journal, for an explanation of how pharmaceutical companies raise drug prices at great cost to patients and taxpayers.
Michael LaForgia, Cara Fitzpatrick and Lisa Gartner, of the Tampa Bay Times, for a story that studied the effects on education in Pinellas County, Florida, when schools in poor neighborhoods were essentially desegregated and neglected.
Nominated as finalists: Michael Sallah, Emily Michot, Joanna Zuckerman Bernstein and Sohail Al-Jamea, of the Miami Herald, for coverage of a local drug sting that cost tens of millions of dollars but yielded no significant arrests; Sarah Maslin Nir, of The New York Times, for an investigation into the labor and health practices of nail salons; and Chris Serres, Glenn Howatt and David Joles, of the Star Tribune, Minneapolis, for an exploration of the state’s health care system for the disabled.
The Washington Post staff, for an examination of killings by police officers in the U.S., which found that 990 people had been shot and killed by on-duty police officers nationwide in 2015.
Also nominated as finalists: Jason Cherkis, of The Huffington Post, for reporting on opioid addiction; and Abrahm Lustgarten, Al Shaw, Jeff Larson, Naveena Sadasivam and David Sleight, of ProPublica, for coverage of the causes of the water crisis affecting the American West.
Alissa J. Rubin of The New York Times, for coverage of abuse facing women in Afghanistan.
Also nominated as finalists: The New York Times staff, for stories on the Islamic State group; and Tom Wright, Bradley Hope, Simon Clark, Mia Lamar and James Hookway, of The Wall Street Journal, for reporting that exposed corruption in Malaysia.
Kathryn Schulz of The New Yorker, for a story about the rupturing of the Cascadia fault line.
Also nominated as finalists: N.R. Kleinfield, of The New York Times, for an account of the last days of a Queens man; and Eli Saslow, of The Washington Post, for stories exploring lives affected by a natural disaster, gun violence and a frayed social safety net.
Farah Stockman of The Boston Globe, for columns on the legacy of busing in Boston and its lingering effect on education.
Also nominated as finalists: Steve Lopez, of the Los Angeles Times, for columns illuminating inequities in wealth and opportunity in Los Angeles; and Nicholas D. Kristof, of The New York Times, for columns focused on migrants from Syria and other regions.
Emily Nussbaum of The New Yorker, for television reviews.
Also nominated as finalists: Manohla Dargis, of The New York Times, for film reviews and essays; and Hilton Als, of The New Yorker, for theater reviews.
John Hackworth, of Sun Newspapers in Charlotte Harbor, Florida, for editorials on a deadly assault of an inmate by guards.
Also nominated as finalists: Andrew Green, Tricia Bishop, Peter Jensen and Glenn McNatt, of The Baltimore Sun, for editorials that demanded accountability in the aftermath of Freddie Gray’s death; and the editorial board of The New York Times, for editorials that focused on the human cost of gun violence.
Jack Ohman, of The Sacramento Bee.
Also nominated as finalists: Matt Davies, of Newsday in New York; and Steve Sack, of the Star Tribune, Minneapolis.
Breaking News Photography:
Mauricio Lima, Sergey Ponomarev, Tyler Hicks and Daniel Etter, of The New York Times, for photographs of refugees and the peril of their journeys, and Thomson Reuters staff, for photos of migrants covering hundreds of miles.
Also nominated as a finalist: Andrew Burton, Chip Somodevilla, Patrick Smith and Drew Angerer, of Getty Images, for photos of protests over the death of Freddie Gray in Baltimore.
Jessica Rinaldi, of The Boston Globe, for photos of a boy who strives to find his footing after being abused.
Also nominated as finalists: Rinaldi, for photos chronicling the struggles of a single addict in Massachusetts; and the photography staff of The Post and Courier in Charleston, South Carolina, for coverage of a racially motivated church shooting and its aftermath.
LETTERS AND DRAMA
“The Sympathizer,” by Viet Thanh Nguyen
Also nominated as finalists: “Get in Trouble: Stories,” a collection of short stories by Kelly Link; and “Maud’s Line,” by Margaret Verble.
“Hamilton,” by Lin-Manuel Miranda
Also nominated as finalists: “Gloria,” by Branden Jacobs-Jenkins; and “The Humans,” by Stephen Karam.
“Custer’s Trials: A Life on the Frontier of a New America,” by T.J. Stiles
Nominated as finalists: “The Pentagon’s Brain: An Uncensored History of DARPA, America’s Top-Secret Military Research Agency,” by Annie Jacobsen; “Marching Home: Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War,” by Brian Matthew Jordan; and “Target Tokyo: Jimmy Doolittle and the Raid That Avenged Pearl Harbor,” by James M. Scott.
Biography or Autobiography:
“Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life,” by William Finnegan
Also nominated as finalists: “The Light of the World: A Memoir,” by Elizabeth Alexander; and “Custer’s Trials: A Life on the Frontier of a New America,” by T.J. Stiles (moved to the History category).
“Ozone Journal,” by Peter Balakian
Also nominated as finalists: “Four-Legged Girl,” by Diane Seuss; and “Alive: New and Selected Poems,” by Elizabeth Willis.
“Black Flags: The Rise of ISIS,” by Joby Warrick
Also nominated as finalists: “Between the World and Me,” by Ta-Nehisi Coates; and “If the Oceans Were Ink: An Unlikely Friendship and a Journey to the Heart of the Quran,” by Carla Power.
“In for a Penny, In for a Pound,” by Henry Threadgill, recording released on May 26, 2015 by Zooid.
Also nominated as finalists: “The Blind Banister,” by Timo Andres, which premiered on Nov. 27, 2015, in St. Paul, Minnesota, by the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra; and “The Mechanics: Six from the Shop Floor,” by Carter Pann, recording released on Sept. 8, 2015 by Capitol Quartet.
The Associated Press contributed to this article.