The American former Marine who is being held in Moscow on spying charges also holds British and Irish citizenship, officials said Friday, and Britain’s foreign secretary charged that Russia is trying to use him as a pawn in its geopolitical games.
Both those countries have asked that their diplomats be allowed to visit Paul Whelan.
The news that Whelan holds citizenship in at least three countries adds complexity to an already-murky case. Whelan, the 48-year-old global security director for a U.S. auto parts company, was arrested a week ago in Moscow. At the time, he was identified only as an American.
Russian authorities have released no information about the charges against Whelan, who could face up to 20 years in prison if convicted of spying. Russian media, controlled by Russian dictator Vladimir Putin, reported Thursday that Whelan had been formally indicted for spying and the Interfax news agency said he denied the allegation.
Whelan’s family says he was in Russia to attend a friend’s wedding. A Russian lawmaker, meanwhile, hinted Friday that the detainee could possibly be swapped for a Russian woman who has pleaded guilty to trying to influence U.S. politics.
Relations between Moscow and London have hit a low point in the wake of Britain’s allegations that Russian military intelligence agents were behind the nerve-agent poisoning of a Russian former double agent and his daughter in the British city of Salisbury in March.
British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt said his government was helping Whelan.
“We are giving him every support we that we can, but we don’t agree with individuals being used in diplomatic chess games,” Hunt said Friday on Sky News. “We are extremely worried about him and his family.”
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Whelan’s British citizenship was reported by the U.S. embassy to British officials on Thursday, according to Britain’s Press Association. That was a day after U.S. Ambassador Jon Huntsman Jr. met with Whelan at Lefortovo Prison in Moscow.
“He has British citizenship. The British side has sent a request for a consular visit. Work on it is in progress,” the Russian state news agency Tass cited Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova as saying.
Ireland’s Department of Foreign Affairs on Friday confirmed that Whelan also holds Irish citizenship and said it also is requesting consular access to him in Moscow.
The nerve agent poisonings in British has scarred U.K.-Russian relations.
Russia has angrily denied involvement in the Salisbury poisonings. The two Russian suspects identified by British authorities, who were spotted on security cameras in Salisbury on the day that former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and Yulia Skripal were poisoned, claim they were businessmen on a short holiday to see the city’s famed cathedral.
Britain expelled 23 Russian diplomats in the case, and Russia sent home the same number. Many British allies made similar expulsions, with more than 150 Russian diplomats kicked out overall. The United States has made similar crackdowns on Russian spyrings in recent years.
Whelan’s arrest came two weeks after Russian gun-rights activist Maria Butina pleaded guilty in the United States to conspiring to act as a foreign agent by trying to infiltrate political circles to influence U.S. politics.
Butina has become a cause celebre for Russia — her face is being used as the profile picture on the Foreign Ministry’s Facebook page — and the timing of Whelan’s arrest has led to suggestions that he is being seen as a potential swap for her.
A top member of Russia’s parliament, foreign affairs committee deputy head Dmitry Novikov, on Friday appeared to suggest that was a possibility once the investigation into Whelan was completed.
“I think that we have to give our special services the opportunity to finalize things with the detainees. Then we will see,” he said, according to the Interfax news agency.
Whelan, a former staff sergeant with the Marines in Iraq, has visited Russia since at least 2007. He is the global security director for the Auburn Hills, Michigan-based BorgWarner, an auto parts supplier.
The Associated Press contributed to this article